About David Duvernell

David Duvernell

Professor
Biological Sciences
105 Schrenk Hall

573-341-4831 | duvernelld@mst.edu | Scholars' Mine Profile

Biography

David Duvernell is a Professor and the Department Chair of Biological Sciences at Missouri University of Science and Technology. Prior to joining the faculty at Missouri S&T in 2017, he spent seventeen years as a faculty member at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, and before that, was a postdoctoral researcher working with Dr. Walter Eanes at Stonybrook University after completing a PhD studying with Bruce Turner at Virginia Tech.

Recent and ongoing research has focused on the evolutionary genetics of a group of freshwater topminnows, including their phylogeography and comparative studies of reproductive isolation and interspecific introgression in replicate contact zones among closely related species. These projects are collaborative with researchers at the University of Southern Mississippi and UC Davis. He and his students are also collaborating with researchers at Missouri State University, and the Missouri Department of Conservation, using environmental DNA metabarcoding technology to study fish community structure in Missouri Ozark streams as well as other various projects of conservation genetic focus. Other projects have included studies of the evolutionary dynamics of non-LTR retrotransposable elements in fish genomes and the phylogeography and evolutionary genetics of the Mummichogs (an Atlantic coastal killifish) and pupfishes. Duvernell teaches courses in genetics, evolution, and conservation biology.

Research

Expertise areas

Population Genetics, Phylogeography, Evolutionary Ecology, Fish Genetics, Conservation Genetics.

Current research projects

  • Fish Enivronmental DNA Metagenomics Environmental DNA (eDNA) is DNA that is released into the environment by living organisms from sources such as cells shed from skin, blood, saliva, and excrement, gametes, and from decomposing organisms. The presence and abundance of eDNA molecules in the environment provides biologists with a powerful tool for detecting and monitoring organisms. Methods for eDNA sampling have been in development and use for over a decade, and the science of eDNA sampling to detect and monitor the presence and distribution of species, particularly in aquatic environments, has advanced substantially. The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) monitoring and management program relies on species detection and biodiversity assessment. The primary goals of our project are to assess sensitivity and repeatability of eDNA metagenomic survey methods, and to enhance the reference database for mitogenomic sequences of Missouri fishes, so that these methods may be incorporated into MDC monitoring programs.
    Current projects:
    Assessment of eDNA methods of biodiversity sampling and comparison to traditional survey methods employed by the MDC Resource Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAM).
    Collect species and sequence mitogenomes for enhancement of public reference databases.
  • Topminnow Evolutionary Ecology Current research focuses on ecological speciation, hybridization, gene introgression, pre- and post-zygotic reproductive isolation, and the evolutionary role of chromosomal rearrangements in fish genomes. Much of our work is focused on a group of topminnows in the genus Fundulus. Members of this group include the blackspotted topminnow (F. olivacues), the blackstripe topminnow (F. notatus) and the broadstripe topminnow (F. euryzonus). This group of species exhibits a broad range throughout drainages in central and southern North America, including much of the Mississippi River and it's tributaries as well as Gulf coastal drainages from Florida to Texas. The geographic ranges of these topminnows are broadly overlapping, with co-occurrence of species in numerous drainage systems. Within co-occurrence drainages, topminnows typically exhibit headwater or large river habitat specialization, and contact zones commonly occur at tributary-river confluences. The dynamics of hybridization and introgression vary considerably among drainages . We are focused on the causes and consequences of variations in mechanisms of reproductive isolation, and intrinsic and extrinsic barriers to genetic exchange.
    Current projects:
    Mapping studies of chromosomal rearrangements using SNP markers assayed by the Genotype-by-Sequencing method. High density SNP maps will be used to assess patterns of hybridization and introgression in natural hybrid zones to determine the role of chromosomal rearrangements in reproductive isolation.
    Comparison of phylogeographic histories of members of the topminnow species family.

Water sampling on the Big Piney River for eDNA metabarcoding

Publications

Publications from Scholars' Mine

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